Indigenous peoples

“There is an urgent need to raise awareness among Canadians of indigenous issues and cultural practices…Canada must stress the need for cultural resources that provide healing, such as ceremonies, natural medicines and healing dances, which can reconnect communities to their ancestry. These healing processes must be promoted and encouraged to make them more accessible.”

This theme delves into the future of Canada’s relations with its Indigenous peoples. The quote above highlights the urgent need for Canadians to have a greater awareness of the issues Canada’s Indigenous peoples face. There is widespread public support for meaningful reconciliation between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples in Canada and most Canadians are optimistic about the possibility of it happening in their lifetime.

There are several reasons that can be attributed to this sense of optimism given the efforts being put forth today, such as the Truth and Reconciliation Commission looking into the abuse and ill effects of residential schools and the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls. Both of these endeavours intend to positively impact relations with Canada’s Indigenous peoples going forward.

  1. La compréhension des enjeux actuels:


  2. L’engagement des jeunes envers les peuples autochtones:


  3. L’intégration des peuples autochtones dans la société politique:

Canada in the World


“Canada’s presence in the world should be a reflection of its internal values as a nation as well as its commitment to being a positive actor on the international stage…the principles outlined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and in the United Nations international covenants on human rights should guide our nation’s foreign policy.”

This theme explores the importance of possible challenges related to Canada’s position internationally in 2067. Despite the quote above describing Canada’s place in the world as a positive actor, our post-9/11 globalized world has led to increased insecurity in many Western nations. Therefore, when Canadians were asked to rank potential challenges the country could face fifty years from now, one in ten respondents selected issues that were related to Canada in a global context as seen in the table below.

  1. Terrorism:

    For youth who did rank terrorism as serious concern in the future, there were anxieties related to the increased number of terrorist attacks between countries, state-sponsored terrorism, and the rise of the Islamic State and other radical groups. While some respondents did not believe the situation would improve given the attempts currently under way to counter such violence, there were recommendations to better train those on the front line to detect radical behaviours.

  2. Conflicts with other nations:

    Conflicts with other nations was much less a concern in the future relative to terrorism, although millennials aged 18-34 were more inclined to rank this issue than other age groups. They believed in the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and enhanced military and security efforts to prevent conflict with other nations becoming a real challenge fifty years ahead.

  3. Mondial identity of Canada:

    Canada is more invested in peacekeeping missions than ever before.

  4. Commercial relations:

    Bilateral and multilateral relations that Canada make with other countries.

Annex: Survey results on international issues

2067 Challenges Total Age Province Mother Tongue
18-34 35-54 55 + ATL QC ON MB/SK AB BC FR EN OT
Terrorism 7% 7% 8% 8% 7% 8% 7% 5% 12% 5% 10% 6% 8%
Conflicts with other nations 3% 4% 3% 3% 0% 2% 5% 3% 3% 3% 1% 4% 2%
TOTAL CITING CANADA IN THE WORLD 10% 11% 11% 11% 7% 10% 12% 8% 15% 8% 9% 10% 10%